Is more sedating

Recommendations for duration of NPO for solid food and nonclear liquids (eg, infant formula, milk) vary by age, as follows: The physical examination focuses on the airway, especially for anatomic variations.The use of the Mallampati classification for assessment helps identify patients in whom airway management is likely to prove difficult (see the image below).

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However, it is now known that even neonates show a physiologic response to painful stimuli.In addition, research has shown that children often do not receive the same treatment as adults with similar painful conditions.Age is apparently a risk factor for oligoanalgesia.The American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) have all established guidelines.Consequently, a potential for different practice models exists.

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