Scientific methods of investigation can be experimental, descriptive, or comparative.The method chosen should be appropriate to the question being asked. Scientific decision making is a way of answering questions about the natural world.
The student is expected to: (A) evaluate data over a period of time from an established aquatic environment documenting seasonal changes and the behavior of organisms; (B) collect baseline quantitative data, including p H, salinity, temperature, mineral content, nitrogen compounds, and turbidity from an aquatic environment; (C) analyze interrelationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers in a local aquatic ecosystem; and (D) identify the interdependence of organisms in an aquatic environment such as in a pond, river, lake, ocean, or aquifer and the biosphere. The student knows the role of cycles in an aquatic environment.
The student is expected to: (A) identify the role of carbon, nitrogen, water, and nutrient cycles in an aquatic environment, including upwellings and turnovers; and (B) examine the interrelationships between aquatic systems and climate and weather, including El Nio and La Nia, currents, and hurricanes. The student knows the origin and use of water in a watershed.
The student is expected to: (A) identify sources and determine the amounts of water in a watershed, including rainfall, groundwater, and surface water; (B) identify factors that contribute to how water flows through a watershed; and (C) identify water quantity and quality in a local watershed. The student knows that geological phenomena and fluid dynamics affect aquatic systems.
Students who successfully complete Astronomy will acquire knowledge within a conceptual framework, conduct observations of the sky, work collaboratively, and develop critical-thinking skills. Science, as defined by the National Academy of Sciences, is the "use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, as well as the knowledge generated through this process." This vast body of changing and increasing knowledge is described by physical, mathematical, and conceptual models.
Students should analyze a system in terms of its components and how these components relate to each other, to the whole, and to the external environment. The student is expected to: (A) demonstrate safe practices during laboratory and field investigations; and (B) demonstrate an understanding of the use and conservation of resources and the proper disposal or recycling of materials. The student uses scientific methods during laboratory and field investigations.