However, since the fall of the Soviet Union, some languages have been transitioning out of the Russian language and the Cyrillic alphabet and have either been moving on to the Roman alphabet, for the sake improving relations to the West and breaking ties to the Soviet Union, or to a more indigenous writing system, to revive parts of the regional culture suppressed by the Soviet Union.
Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan had already made the Roman alphabet the official script, although they often still write Cyrillic alongside with it.
Kazakhstan is currently debating whether or not to begin making the switch to the Roman alphabet, and it has made an official declaration to completely switch to the Roman alphabet by 2025.
Though Serbia, Bosnia, and Kosovo have Cyrillic as an official script, the Roman alphabet is also official and is viable to write in.
In source A it appears the guards are more in control “watching the work” of the convicts, whilst other officers were “observing the movements of the prisoners.” However in source B the sense of control comes from the “CCTV” and the posters that warn about bullying and “smuggling contraband.” Therefore it is almost as if, in modern prisons, it is the minds of the prisoners rather than the bodies that are being controlled.
Notice how this example We need to identify WHAT the writer feels and HOW they get across these feelings – so you need to comment on and analyse METHODS One way to structure your answer might be like this – see this PPT for a walk through paper 2: Although both writers seem to focus on the sense of order and discipline in the prisons they describe, Cavendish is able to convey a more convincing mood of institutionalisation perhaps because he can speak from experience.
Here’s an example question based on these texts: In source A the prison contains “long corridors” and “long tunnels”, which makes the place seem like a never ending maze and makes it appear quite intimidating.
Georgia, a small country in the Caucasus Mountains, has transitioned away from the Russian language and the Cyrillic alphabet and returned to the Georgian language and alphabet, though the former is still an official script.
Although the nation is attempting to transition away from Cyrillic (albeit slowly) and is attempting to revive the traditional Mongolian script (though with great difficulty), a vertically-written cursive alphabet, Cyrillic is still an official script of Mongolia, and it is unlikely to fade away from everyday life in Mongolia anytime soon, despite the shift away from Russian as a second language in favor of English.
Whilst both texts show the prisons to be places of discipline, source B makes the prison feel more threatening with its “high fence topped with razor wire”, which feels more brutal and reminds us of its status as a prison.
Both places are described as being functional and highly regulated but in different ways.