Lady Justice, a goddess symbolising justice who bears a sword – symbolising the coercive power of a tribunal –, scales – representing an objective standard by which competing claims are weighed – and a blindfold indicating that justice should be impartial and meted out objectively, without fear or favor and regardless of money, wealth, power or identity.
Law is a system that regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state.
100–300 AD) were foundational treatises in India, and comprise texts considered authoritative legal guidance.
Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process.
Ancient Egyptian law, dating as far back as 3000 BC, contained a civil code that was probably broken into twelve books.
It was based on the concept of Ma'at, characterised by tradition, rhetorical speech, social equality and impartiality.
The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein.
The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.