Evidence of human and culture dating back 4,000 to 6,000 years has been discovered on the Macau Peninsula and dating back 5,000 years on Coloane Island.
The Hoklo Boat people were the first to show interest in Macau as a trading centre for the southern provinces.
In 1557, the Ming court finally gave consent for a permanent and official Portuguese trade base at Macau.
In 1558, Leonel de Sousa became the second Portuguese Governor of Macau.
In 1887 the Portuguese finally managed to secure an agreement from China that Macao was Portuguese territory, ending 330 years of uncertainty.
The human history of Macau stretches back up to 6,000 years, and includes many different and diverse civilisations and periods of existence.