Information about his biography is drawn primarily from his poetry, especially Tristia 4.10, which gives a long autobiographical account of his life.
Other sources include Seneca the Elder and Quintilian.
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He may have been banished for these works, which appeared subversive to the emperor's moral legislation.
However, in view of the long time that elapsed between the publication of this work (1 BC) and the exile (AD 8), some authors suggest that Augustus used the poem as a mere justification for something more personal.
At the same time, he worked on the Fasti, a six-book poem in elegiac couplets on the theme of the calendar of Roman festivals and astronomy.
Ovid's next poem, the Medicamina Faciei, a fragmentary work on women's beauty treatments, preceded the Ars Amatoria, the Art of Love, a parody of didactic poetry and a three-book manual about seduction and intrigue, which has been dated to AD 2 (Books 1–2 would go back to 1 BC).
Ovid may identify this work in his exile poetry as the carmen, or song, which was one cause of his banishment.
The composition of this poem was interrupted by Ovid's exile, The Emperor's grandchildren, Julia the Younger and Agrippa Postumus (the latter adopted by him), were also banished around the same time.
Julia's husband, Lucius Aemilius Paullus, was put to death for conspiracy against Augustus, a conspiracy Ovid might have known of.