But, based on other dating methods, such as rock strata and the existence of Dalton-type spear points, the site has been dated to approximately 8000 B. During this time, the settlement was scattered and likely existed solely on the hunter-gatherer level. Permanent villages, based on settled agriculture, were developed throughout the present-day state. E., towns were fortified throughout the Piedmont region, suggesting the existence of organized tribal warfare.Toward the end of this period, there is evidence of settled agriculture, such as plant domestication and the development of pottery. An important site of this late-Woodland period is the Town Creek Indian Mound, an archaeologically rich site occupied from about 1100 to 1450 C. by the Pee Dee culture of the Mississippian tradition. North Carolina was home to several distinct cultural groups.Inland of them were three Siouan speaking tribes associated with a culture group called the Eastern Siouans.Broken into several smaller tribes, they were the Catawba, the Waccamaw Siouan, the Cheraw, the Winyaw, the Wateree & the Sugaree.During the first half of the nineteenth century, North Carolina remained a rural state, with no cities and few villages.Most whites operated small subsistence farms, but the eastern part of the state had a growing class of planters, especially after 1800 when cotton became highly profitable due to the invention of the cotton gin, which enabled cultivation of short-staple cotton in the uplands.All cotton cultivation as a commodity crop was dependent on the slave labor of African Americans.
Radiocarbon dating of the site has not been possible. Spearpoints of the Dalton type continued to change and evolve slowly for the next 7000 years, suggesting a continuity of culture for most of that time. until the time of European settlement, the time period is known as the "Woodland period".Spanish attempts to settle the interior, with several forts built by the Jose Pardo expedition in the 1560s, ended when the Indians destroyed the forts and killed most of the garrisons.Nearly two decades later, English colonists began to settle the coastal areas, starting with a charter in 1584.The Chowanoke became protected by the English in the late 17th century but dissolved completely in the 19th.Their descendants reformed during the 21st century.