In 2014, an estimated 9.8 million adults aged 18 and older in the United States had a serious mental illness, and 1.7 million of which were aged 18 to 25.
Also 15.7 million adults (aged 18 or older) and 2.8 million youth (aged 12 to 17) had a major depressive episode during the past year.
Environmental change strategies have specific advantages over strategies that focus exclusively on the individual.
Because they target a much broader audience, they have the potential to produce widespread changes in behavior at the population level.
Preventing mental and/or substance use disorders and related problems in children, adolescents, and young adults is critical to Americans’ behavioral and physical health.
Based on the Mental Health Intervention Spectrum, first introduced in a 1994 Institute of Medicine report, the model includes the following components: People have biological and psychological characteristics that can make them vulnerable or resilient to potential behavioral health problems.
Individual-level protective factors might include a positive self-image, self-control, or social competence.
Behaviors and symptoms that signal the development of a behavioral disorder often manifest two to four years before a disorder is present.
In addition, people with a mental health issue are more likely to use alcohol or drugs than those not affected by a mental illness.