Violence in a political context—war and revolution—was seen as the inevitable outcome when opposing rulers struggled over resources or when an oppressed people attempted to free themselves.
When the actions of an individual or a group of individuals were too hard to justify, societies protected themselves by judging the offender(s) to be different from other people.
Implications for prevention and intervention are examined.
Key Words: violence, theory, social, constructionism, systems Violence is a social phenomenon.
In many cases, the account works to justify further or increased violence (Staub, 1990).
In the formal process of theory-building, scholars also attempt to understand and to explain social phenomena.
The social question is not, "Why does violence occur?
Rather, this review is intended to help prevent violence by contributing to the understandings of the social influences contributing to violence.
People's individual experiences become social as they are shared.
In the past, some violent acts were integrated into society by either justifying the violent actions or by attributing the actions to individual psychopathology.
In the family environment, the violent male was seen as enforcing a natural rule that men should direct the activities of their wives and children.